Web Hosting Glossary

A glossary of definitions for Web Hosting and related terms and phrases. Other definitions may apply in different circumstances but are not included.

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Term Definition
Internet

Is a worldwide system of computer networks - a network of networks in which users at any one computer can, if they have permission, get information from any other computer (and sometimes talk directly to users at other computers). It was conceived by the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) of the U.S. government in 1969 and was first known as the ARPANET.

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Internet Information Server

Microsoft's powerful Web server that can be installed on its Windows server operating systems.

Abbreviation(s): IIS

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Internet Protocol

Is the method or protocol by which data is sent from one computer to another on the Internet. Each computer (known as a host) on the Internet has at least one IP address that uniquely identifies it from all other computers on the Internet.

Abbreviation(s): IP

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Internet Service Provider

A business that provides subscriber-based access to the Internet. Subscribers can be individuals or businesses. ISPs operate at the fourth or lowest level of the Internet. At the third level, regional providers aggregate traffic from lower-order ISPs to the second, backbone level. The highest level in North America is the NAP (Network Access Point), which acts as peer-to peer interconnection points for the largest backbones. ISPs use Internet routers, servers and rack-mounted modems to provide a variety of services, including web site hosting, FTP service, e-mail accounts, unified messaging, audio and video broadcasting, Internet telephony and fax gateway services.

Abbreviation(s): ISP

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InterNic

The Internet Network Information Center. The association of providers of domain name registration, information, and database services to the Internet.

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